14 May 2024

Understanding the 2024 Federal Budget: Implications for Home Buyers and Sellers

The 2024 Federal Budget of Canada brings several significant changes that directly impact the real estate market, particularly focusing on first-time home buyers and capital gains. Here’s a detailed look at the key elements and their implications for home buying and selling.

First-Time Home Buyers Incentives

1. First-Time Home Buyer Incentive (FTHBI): The government has expanded the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive (FTHBI), aiming to make homeownership more accessible. Under this program, the government provides shared equity mortgages for first-time home buyers, reducing monthly mortgage payments without increasing the buyer’s financial burden.

Key Changes:

  • Increased Thresholds: The income threshold for eligible buyers has been increased to $150,000 (from $120,000), allowing more buyers to qualify.
  • Higher Property Values: The maximum home price for eligibility is now set at $600,000 in high-cost cities, reflecting the rising property prices in urban areas.


  • Lower Monthly Payments: By reducing the monthly mortgage payments, first-time buyers can manage their finances better.
  • Increased Purchasing Power: The higher thresholds mean buyers can now consider properties that were previously out of reach.

Capital Gains Tax Concerns

2. Capital Gains Tax Changes: The 2024 budget includes adjustments to the capital gains tax, particularly affecting real estate investors and sellers of secondary properties.

Key Changes:

  • Principal Residence Exemption: There is no change to the principal residence exemption, which means homeowners will continue to be exempt from capital gains tax when selling their primary home.
  • Increased Reporting Requirements: Enhanced reporting requirements for the sale of secondary properties and investments, aimed at ensuring compliance and reducing tax evasion.


  • Secondary Property Owners: Investors and owners of secondary properties will need to be more diligent in reporting their capital gains. The increased scrutiny could lead to higher tax liabilities for some.
  • Market Dynamics: Potential sellers might reconsider their selling timelines, impacting the supply of secondary homes in the market.

3. Housing Supply Initiatives: The budget introduces measures to increase the housing supply, which is critical for stabilizing the real estate market.

Key Initiatives:

  • Affordable Housing Projects: Increased funding for the development of affordable housing projects to ensure more options are available for low and middle-income families.
  • Incentives for Builders: Tax incentives and grants for builders who focus on creating affordable housing units, particularly in urban centers.

Impact on Buyers and Sellers:

  • Increased Inventory: With more affordable housing projects, first-time buyers will have more options, potentially easing the competition in hot markets.
  • Builder Activity: Builders and developers may accelerate projects to take advantage of the incentives, leading to a more dynamic market.


The 2024 Federal Budget presents a balanced approach to addressing the challenges faced by first-time home buyers and real estate investors. By expanding the First-Time Home Buyer Incentive and maintaining the principal residence exemption, the government aims to make homeownership more attainable while ensuring fair tax practices for secondary property owners.

For first-time home buyers, the increased thresholds and incentives provide a substantial opportunity to enter the market with less financial strain. For sellers and investors, understanding the new capital gains tax requirements will be crucial in navigating the market efficiently.

As always, it’s advisable to consult with a financial advisor or real estate expert to understand how these changes specifically impact your buying or selling decisions.


  • Government of Canada, 2024 Federal Budget Overview
  • Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)
  • Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA)

For more detailed information on the 2024 Federal Budget and its implications, visit the official Government of Canada Budget 2024 page.